Free Sound & Sound Effects

Sound Effects – Ringtones

Beats

Sound

  1. Birds

Goose/Geese

Ostrich

Tinamou

Red Jungle Fowl

Magpie Geese

Geese

Ducks

Swan

Turaco

Flamingoes (Phoenicopteriformes)

Sea Gull

Penguin

SunBittern

Whisling Hawk

Vulture

Barred Owl

Kingfisher

Red Legged Seriema

Chatting Falcon

MacCaw

Raven

NewZealand Kaka

Parakeet

Blue Jay Fledgling

Hummingbird

Red Headed WoodPecker

Cara Cara

Albatross

Canada Geese

Great Horned Owl

Barred Owl

Grouse

Tristram Starling

Eagle Owl

Golden Eagle

Kea

Carrion Crow

Kingfisher

Sea Gulls

Purple Swamphen

White Throated Sparrow

Peacock & Peahen

Crane Call

Northern Gannet

Brown Headed Barbet

Various Imitations From African Grey Parrot

Dusky Grouse

Mallard Duck

European Bee Eater

Sacred Kingfisher

Eurasian hoopoe

Frogmouth

Slaty Blue Fly Catcher

 

2. Instruments

Cajon

Candombe

Caribbean Steel Pan

HandPan

Hang Drum

Mbira

Bamboo Slit Drums

Balafon

Castanets

Claves

Glockenspiel

Marimba

Triangle

Vibraphone

Wood Block

Xylophone

Bongo

Chenda

Conga

Cuica

Daf

Djembe

Dunun

Drum Set/Drum Kit

Goblet Drum – Doumbek

Janggu

Kanjira

Kendang

Khol

Lambeg Drum

Madal

Mridangam

Naqareh

Taiko

Electric Guitar

Tsuzumi

Accordion

Repinique Solo

Conga Quinto

Conga – Various

Cuica

Dhimay

Taiko Drum

 Okedo Daikô

 

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Noah’s Ark: From all perspectives

   Noah’s Ark has been the center of focus for expeditions on Mount Ararat for years. Numerous scientists, archaeologists and geologists have tried to find the Ark on the Mountain but with little success. The story of Noah’s Ark suggests that Noah and his family lived somewhere near Mesopotamia some 5000-6000 years ago. Noah’s story also talks about a wooden boat that carried Noah, his family and a pair of all living creatures on the planet during a flood that engulfed Earth. It is said that Noah was to arrange the construction of the boat as well as the loading of all creatures, big and small in just seven days for a flood that would last years. Although Noah’s story is popular in many cultures and mentioned in many holy books, several geologists and archaeologists are not convinced about the proportion and intensity of many things in the “epic tale”. Many argue that the story might be misunderstood or the words in the books could be misinterpreted.

    First of all, geologists argue that the wooden boat, the size talked about in the books could not have existed at the time of Noah. “Even nineteenth century engineers” would have struggled to build a boat the size of Noah’s boat completely of wood. The boat size of Noah’s would need some steel reinforcements to hold the wood against the crushing waves of the sea. Otherwise, it would leak from inside out and drown. Next, geologists point out that the water in the oceans, ice caps and the earth’s surface is not enough to cover all the continents and “engulf the earth” as mentioned in the books. If there ever was a flood that would engulf the earth, the atmospheric pressure itself over the oceans would crush any  living thing on the planet let alone Noah’s ark. Then, they point out about the “water from the hot springs” that gushed out from the planets core during the flood. Geologists and scientists argue that there isn’t enough hot spring water on the planet to cover the landmass and if there ever was, the temperature of the hot springs itself would melt anything on the water surface let alone Noah’s wooden arc. Then, there are photographs taken by the US planes sometime during 1950-60’s and released around 1995 that show presence of Noah’s Arc on Mount Ararat. Researchers and photo investigations show that this “poor quality photos” show many dark spots in the shape of Arcs on Mount Ararat that can be mistranslated as Noah’s Arc. With such observations, scientists, researchers and archaeologists conclude that there should be an alternative to Noah’s story. This alternate version of the story is told from the scriptures and clay tablets found during archaeological digs in Iraq at around 1850’s – 1900’s and later translated by a librarian in the British museum.

    The alternative version of Noah’s story starts off somewhere in Shuruppak (Sumeria), the “cradle of civilization”. Sumerians invented the wheel, writing and accounting. Noah here is depicted as a rich merchant and businessman dealing with silver and gold. In fact, he is said to be the “king” of Shuruppak. And instead of a huge boat, the king must have had smaller cargo vessels made of timber of those time tied together to construct his arc. And instead of marching animals “2 by 2”, he would be loading animals, grain and cargo. Also, the kind of Armageddon storm talked about in the books would not exist in those warm climate areas. Instead, there is a possibility of tropical storm or hurricane. A storm that would carry Noah’s cargo boat from the Euphrates river bank in to the Persian gulf hence the “salty water” mentioned in the scriptures. They couldn’t see land for seven days because they could have been drifting in the Persian Gulf… as “he looked upon the sea”. And instead of landing on Mount Ararat, he would’ve returned on the shores of Persian Gulf either Shuruppak or Dilmun (Modern Day Bahrain) as indicated by the Babylonian scriptures.

    In conclusion, though the reality of Noah’s story might present a twist to the original depiction by many books. Nevertheless, the lessons of debt remain the same in both ancient days and present time. Debt can force a “king to slavery” and it forgives no one.

Plants Vs Animals

   It has been commonly believed that humans and animals are the only ones that have intelligence. Memories, Perception, Emotions, reaction etc are not commonly linked with plants. Though plants have been in existence longer than humans and most animals, they are ignored as a social being. Recently, these misconceptions about plants have been proven wrong by researchers and scientists. Plants respond to stimulus, have memory and need sleep just like humans and animals

    More recently, Professor Volkman (Germany) has unlocked the secrets of plant intelligence by his experiments on pea plants and bean plants. It has been observed that stimulation with a wooden stick result in tendrils getting stimulated. Pea plants outer surface has sensors that send signals to the inner cells for growth when stimulated. Sensitive plants (Mimosa pudica) on the other hand, have water pressure inside the cell walls as sort of a defense mechanism. Any sudden movements or touch results in pressure drop and sagging of the plant. It is said this defense mechanism could have developed as a result of “frightening insects” that land on it. This is the same sort of defense mechanism that carnivorous plants use to catch their prey. Plants like Drosera and Darlingtonia have similar defense mechanisms. As insects enter Darlingtonia, they get trapped inside the interior belly of the plant in sort of an enclosure. This enclosure creates mimicry of multiple exits that the insects get fooled by and lose all their energy trying to find the real exit. Drosera too has similar defense mechanisms to trap flies, mosquitoes and other insects. Many other plants have defense mechanisms in the form of hair or sensors that trigger plant reaction upon being touched. Some even trigger reactions due to electricity and sound waves. The dancing plant (Desmonium Jarons) for example, reacts to music and sound waves in general. Many music composers even have composed specialized music for these sort of plants to grow and bear fruits. Wouter Van Hoven (Biologist, Southafrica) recently studied the chemicals that plants produce as defense mechanisms and its effects on animals. In response to a sudden decline in Koodoo population (Deer Speices), an investigation was carried out to determine the cause of massive Koodoo wipeout. It was determined that the mortalities were population density related. As the feeding Koodoo population density increased, the plant prey released ethylene in high proportions which in turn increased the fermentation rate and production of ten on. This high ten on level proved toxic to animals as it would be more than they could digest as part of their meal. A defense mechanism that is undetectable unless by autopsy and analysis of deer stomach contents. Thus, plants respond to stimulus not only for growth but also as defense mechanisms.

     Studies have also shown that plants have memories just like humans. In Darwin’s theories, it has been indicated that plants have some sort of root brains. And so the roots would act as central nervous system. Hence the “Root Brain theory” comes in to existence. Recently, scientists have found a small portion of root that support Darwin’s “Root Brain” theory. According to Dr. Frantisek Baluska (Biologist), plants without root caps do not show “worm like behavior” in their growth pattern. This root cap is assumed to be the central nervous system and the brains of the “Root Brain theory”. Researchers found cells with molecules like lactin in the “zone of transition”. These are the same molecules found in animal muscle cells. The synapse connections between the cells of the roots with these molecules that show similarity with humans where these synapse connections allow human perception, memory and thought. “Plants know when to go to dormancy or flowering” which proves the analysis of “Root zone theory”. According to scientists, cells in plants may be different than animals but the results are the same.

    Research in Japan on plant sleep is transforming this world views about plants. Research plants included plants similar to the shy plant and the tests included water and other chemicals. It was shown that the shy plants would close up in response to chemicals and would remain open in response to water. This research concluded that though the effects of chemicals on plant sleep are irrefutable, the fact why plants need sleep or the nature of their sleep is still a topic of immense research.

    In conclusion, “Fundamental research in plants can rattle conventional thinking” but it opens our eyes and world views about how much science still has to “learn from the natural world“.

 

 

Sleep Science: From all Perspectives

   Sleep is an important aspect in almost every life form on this planet. From humans to birds, from animals to corals and from mammals to insects and fruit-flies, all life forms have some part of their daily routine dedicated to sleep. Though sleep is relatively same in all beings, sleep patterns, behavior and nature of sleep differs from one life form to another. For some sleep is rest while for others sleep is “insight in to yourself”. “To understand the insights science gives humans in to sleep, sleep patterns and behavior” one needs to study sleep and evaluate perspectives from all angles.

   Firstly, observing and analyzing sleep patterns and behavior of non-humans can give humans an insight in to their own sleep. Birds are one taxonomic group that is very closely related to humans as far as sleep patterns are involved. According to Dr. Niels Rattenberg (Neurophysiologist), the Bar-tailed Godwit would migrate several thousand miles over a period of several days without any sleep. Dr. Rattenberg explains this phenomenon through his research and experiments on bird sleep patterns and behavior. He explains that unlike humans most birds are semi-consciousness even while in sleep. Either as a result of fear from predators or long migrations, many birds often sleep with one eye open shutting down only part of their brains. Although birds do not always choose to keep an eye open while they sleep, when they do keep an eye open half of their brain is either awake or in a drowsy state. When performing experiments on duck sleep, Dr. Rattenberg observed that ducks in the center of a group usually slept with both their eyes closed symbolizing deep sleep just like humans. But the ducks on the corners of a closed box kept an eye open either as an instinctive guard from predatory birds or for other reasons yet to be explained by science. Many other birds migrate from place to place non-stop without getting any sleep. Some of the European frigate birds would leave their nest for first time and would be in flight for several months’ even years before returning to make their own nest for mating. Similarly, some of the marine Mammals would have a part of their brain attached to flipper down in the water allowing them to sleep and keep their nose above the surface at the same time. This way, they would be sleeping but be able to breathe in water. Crocodiles on the other hand showed less similarity in sleep pattern behavior compared to mammals, animals and other birds.

   Next, observing and analyzing the brain functions while a subject is sleeping can be a key insight to human sleep. According to Dr. Matthew Wilson (Neuroscientist, Dream Researcher MIT), recording brain cell activity while an animals is asleep or awake can prove useful in determining brain functions during sleep. According to Dr. Wilson, brain sleep responds to internal world as opposed to being awake which usually respond to external environment. There are different sleep states and deep sleep is one of the states where brain cell activity recording is most efficient. Different brain activities correspond to different functions. Although, one might be sleeping, the brain never turns off unless under the influence of anesthetic or in a coma. According to a study done in a lam by Dr. Wilson, rat brain cells were observed and recorded as it crossed a maze. During the observation, Brain activity recorded was for pale cortex part of a brain and necortex part of the brain. As the rat moved through the maze, the necortex part (or the part of the brain that was awake) of the brain was used but as soon as the rat stopped, the brain cell activity in that part of the brain stopped while the brain activity in the palecortex part of the brain resumed as the rat reflected on where it had been through its journey (sort of like time travel). Brain cell observations were then compared as the rat was asleep. The rat brain went back in time and revisited memories in a flash and compressed time form. It was concluded that animals or rats just like humans take memories to learn and get an insight from those memories while asleep. It was also concluded that there were different forms of sleep namely ram sleep and non-ram sleep. Ram sleep was usually used to connect things and associated with being awake. Memory is often linked with “Lego blocks” where experiences are built through associations and links. Ram sleep often resulted on muscle tone loss as in of a cat or a dog. It was dreaming as if the events were actually happening. On the other hand, Non-ram sleep invoked the more primitive part of the brain and was explained as “the way I saw it is the way I remember”. During this non-ram phase the brain would turn on and off sending one in a slow wave sleep. To conclude, observing brain functions of a subject gave a deep insight in to animal sleep which is deeply connected with human sleep.

   Last but not least, studying sleep disorders also gives important insights and cures to human sleep behavior. According to Dr. Carlos Schenck (Minnesota Sleep Disorder Facility), most of the sleep disorders are connected with RAM phase of the sleep. When patients with sleep disorders were observed and recorded, they experienced real life events under RAM phase of the sleep. Their body would often respond with sudden and violent movements when the brain would be in this RAM phase. As the brain goes through the events of the day recalling memories and associating them, patients would often experience what they would experience while awake. These disorders were often violent and unpredictable. Hence, they would be treated with specialized drugs to avoid further complications like Parkinson’s disease.

   In conclusion, “To understand the insights science gives humans in to sleep, sleep patterns and behavior” one needs to study sleep and evaluate perspectives from all angles. New insights in to human sleep as well as human perception of the world means introduction of new consumer products. Since every brain has a unique perception, perception focused products equal to profit on a mass scale. One may use different marketing strategies for the same product. A you tube link on a product page may mean a complete different application than an essay written on the uses of the same product. The key is letting the consumer translate the application for a product that may have more than one application.