A Recycling center is a place where things that don’t work anymore are trashed. It is a sort of resource center and a “key component to American Economy”. Generally, Recycling centers are classified in to Junkyards, Scrapyards and Boneyard.
Junkyards are places where recycled materials are sorted, packaged and shipped to its final destination. It is where household goods and consumables are gathered, organized and sent to mills for material breakdown. About hundred and eighty tonnes of paper, cans and bottles are brought to some of these yards in North America. The material is then run through a conveyor belt system where trash and cardboard as well as cans and bottles are separated. “More than two hundred billion pounds of recycling material passes through the recycling center as a first step”. But it all contributes to environment, energy and economy. It is said that “The energy saved from one recycled aluminium can will operate a television set for up to three hours”. Multiply the amount of energy for one can by the number of cans either soda cans or food cans and one quickly realizes that they could contribute as much as fifty to eighty percent of their total annual energy consumption in recycled goods. Electronic junkyards are another type of junkyards. This is where computers, laptops, cellphones, appliances etc are sorted and parts removed for precious metal recovery. Hence, junkyards in general are a “key component to any economy” and environment.
Scrapyards are another type of recycling center. In a metal scrapyard, everything from metal, industrial equipment to rail road tracks and crushed vehicles are found. Everything is sorted and organized for price and purpose in these type of scrapyards. Some of these yards in North America, have a volume of about eight thousand pounds of metal each day. These metals go through metal conveyor belt system as well as in and out of several other machines. There are drums in these scrapyards where everything is pulverized at a speed of four hundred and fifty revolutions per minute. Hammers weighing four hundred pounds each smash and flatten metal that is otherwise impossible to work around with. Electromagnets move metal around in the “largest parking lot in the world”. Anything over a quarter inch goes through two thousand tonne force shearer. The hydraulic compactor bends and shapes metal in to a “a loaf of bread”. These scrapyards are metal processing plants where second hand garbage to some is gold for others. It is said that eleven million cars retire each year just in United states alone. As a result used parts from these cars become assembly lines in reverse. Everything from hub caps, body panels, engines and electronics are removed in these yards for resale. Many parts are even shipped yard to yard. Some yards are in fact “pick your own parts” yard. Vehicles here are processed for personal safety by removing engine oil, refrigerant and other vehicle fluids. With license plates and personal items removed in the final stage, these vehicles become available to consumers. Almost 60 – 200 vehicles arrive in some of these yards every day if not every hour. This makes auto salvage business a “five billion dollar business” in United States alone. Hence, scrapyards contribute to global economy and environment.
Bone yards are scrap yards for planes that are “no longer safe to fly”. An aviation boneyard was used extensively in its earlier stages. But with immense safety loop holes from used parts like malfunctioning radios as well as federal lawsuits, many boneyard went out of salvage business. Instead, they became attractive to Hollywood and food industry. Many air tricks in Hollywood were performed using planes from these yards. “Airplane restaurants” were shipped at customer demands around the world. It essentially became a tourist attraction as a result and the aviation history involved. It may also serve academics in terms of aviation history and air plane development. In general, Bone yards contribute to global economy and tourist industries world wide.
In conclusion, Junkyards, Scarp yards and Bone yards contribute to economy, energy and environment. It also provides an extra income for those in the electronics and car parts business. Many junkyards in Canada promote recycling by buying household metals and consumer electronics from general public. Also, auto salvage yards in Canada are always open for business.